Puritan movement


. The success of the Counter-Reformation on the Continent and the growth of a Puritan party dedicated to further Protestant reform polarised the Elizabethan Age, although it was not until the ’40s that England underwent religious strife comparable to what



The Reformation was a triumph of literacy and the new printing press.[20][21] Luther’s translation of the Bible into German was a decisive moment in the spread of literacy, and stimulated as well the printing and distribution of religious books and

Earlier schisms


Unrest due to the Great Schism of Western Christianity (1378–1416) excited wars between princes, uprisings among the peasants, and widespread concern over corruption in the church. New perspectives came from John Wycliff at Oxford University and from Jan Hus at

Protestant Reformation


The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation,[1] was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli and other early Protestant Reformers, lasting from 1517 until 1648.[2][a] Although there had been significant earlier